The House of Hohenzollern is a dynasty of former princes, electors, kings, and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania. The family arose in the area around the town of Hechingen in Swabia during the 11th century and took their name from Hohenzollern Castle. The first ancestor of the Hohenzollern`s was mentioned in 1061. They derived from the Burchardinger dynasty. Hohenzollern family split into two branches, the Catholic Swabian branch and the Protestant Franconian branch, which later became the Brandenburg-Prussian branch. The Swabian branch ruled the principalities of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen until 1849, and also ruled Romania from 1866 to 1947. Members of the Franconian branch became Margrave of Brandenburg in 1415 and Duke of Prussia in 1525.
Germany's defeat in World War I in 1918 led to the German Revolution. The Hohenzollern`s were overthrown and the Wiemar Republic was established, thus bringing an end to the German monarchy. Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia is the current head of the royal Prussian line, while Karl Friedrich, Prince of Hohenzollern is the head of the princely Swabian line.
County of Zollern Edit
Wilhelm II was the last German Emperor and ruled until 1918.
Zollern, from 1218 Hohenzollern, was a county of the Holy Roman Empire. Its ruling dynasty was first mentioned in 1061. The Hohenzollerns named their estates after Hohenzollern Castle in the Swabian Alps. Later its capital was Hechingen. The Hohenzollern Castle still belongs to the family today.
According to the medieval chronicler Berthold of Reichenau, Burkhard I, Count of Zollern (de Zolorin) was born before 1025 and died in 1061. The Zollerns received the comital title from Emperor Henry V in 1111. As loyal vassals of the Swabian Hohenstaufen dynasty, they were able to significantly enlarge their territory. Count Frederick III (c. 1139 – c. 1200) accompanied Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa against Henry the Lion in 1180, and through his marriage was granted the Burgraviate of Nuremberg by Emperor Henry VI of Hohenstaufen in 1191. In 1218 the burgraviate passed to Frederick's younger son Conrad I, he thereby became the ancestor of the Franconian Hohenzollern branch, which acquired the Electorate of Brandenburg in 1415.
House of Hohenzollern Edit
|Louis Ferdinand I, German Emperor||1951–1994|
|Georg Friedrich I, German Emperor||since 1994|
|Wilhelm Ferdinand, Crown Prince of Prussia||Heir apparent since his birth in 1998|
The head of the house is the titular King of Prussia and German Emperor. He also bears a historical claim to the title of Prince of Orange. Members of this line style themselves princes of Prussia. Georg Friedrich I, German Emperor, the current head of the royal Prussian House of Hohenzollern, was married to Archduchess Marie Christine of Austria on 26 July 1997. On 15 September 1998, She gave birth to their son, Wilhelm Ferdinand Carl Félix Gabriel Christian Jean Louis Alexander, in Bremen. On 15 May 2000, Empress Marie Christine gave birth to another son Christian Alexander. He and Marie Christine divorced in 2007. Emperor Georg Friedrich then married Princess Sophie of Isenburg on 27 August 2011. On 20 January 2013, she gave birth to twin sons, Carl Friedrich Franz Alexander and Louis Ferdinand Christian Albrecht, in Bremen. On 28 November 2016, Sophie gave birth to another son, Heinrich Albrecht Johann Georg, in Bremen. Wilhelm Ferdinand, who is eldest child and of the eldest his five sons is the heir apparent to the throne.
Palaces of the Prussian Hohenzollerns Edit
Some important castles and palaces of the Prussian Hohenzollern's are:
- City Palace, Berlin
- City Palace, Berlin
- Königsberg Castle, Prussia
- City Palace, Potsdam
- New Palace, Potsdam
- Sanssouci in Potsdam
- Marmorpalais, Potsdam
- Babelsberg Palace, Potsdam
- Cecilienhof Palace, Potsdam
- Oranienburg Palace
- Rheinsberg Palace
- Wrocław Palace, Silesia
- Oels Castle, Silesia
- Stolzenfels Castle, Koblenz
Royal Prussian branch Edit
Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia, head of the Prussian branch of the Hohenzollern's
- Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia (1943–)
- Prince Frederick of Prussia (1911–1966)
- Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia (1939–2015)
- Georg Friedrich, King of Prussia (1976–)
- Prince Hubertus of Prussia (1909–1950)
- Princess Kira of Prussia (1943–2004)
- Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia (1907–1994)
- Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (1944–1977)
- Prince Michael of Prussia (1940–2014)
- Prince Oskar of Prussia (1959–)
- Wilhelm, Prince of Prussia (1882-1951)
- Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (1906–1940)
- Prince Wilhelm-Karl of Prussia (1922–2007)
The heir-apparent and who will be the next German Emperor and King of Prussia is the present Emperor's eldest son, Wilhelm Ferdinand, Crown Prince of Prussia, who will become Wilhelm IV.
This is a list of the senior members of the imperial family
- Georg Friedrich I, German Emperor and Sophie, Queen-Empress Consort of Prussia
- Wilhelm Ferdinand, Crown Prince of Prussia (The Emperor's eldest child and son)
- Prince Christian Alexander of Prussia (The Emperor's second child and second son)
- Princess Kira Astrid of Prussia (The Emperor's third child and first daughter)
- Princess Victoria Marie of Prussia (The Emperor's fourth child and second daughter)
- Prince Carl Friedrich of Prussia (The Emperor's fifth child and third son)
- Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (The Emperor's sixth child and fourth son)
- Princess Emma Marie of Prussia (The Emperor's seventh child and youngest daughter)
- Prince Heinrich of Prussia (The Emperor's eighth child and fifth son)
Line of Succession to the German throne Edit
The current line of succession to the Imperial throne