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|Reign|| 14 January 1972 – 13 February 2018 |
( 46 years, 30 days)
|Spouse||Margrethe II of Denmark|
| Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark|
| Danish: Henrik|
French: Henri Marie Jean André
|House||House of Monpezat|
|Father||André de Laborde de Monpezat|
|Mother||Renée Yvonne Doursenot|
|Born|| 11 June 1934 |
Talence, Gironde, France
|Died||13 February 2018 (age 83)|
|Religion|| Church of Denmark|
former: Roman Catholic Church
|Danish Royal Family|
HM The Queen
Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark (né Henri Marie Jean André de Laborde de Monpezat; born 11 June 1934 - 13 February 2018) was the husband of the Queen of Denmark, Margrethe II.
Henrik was born in Talence, Gironde, France. He was the son of Count André de Laborde de Monpezat (Mont-de-Marsan, 6 May 1907 – Le Cayrou, 23 February 1998) and his wife, Renée Doursenot (Périgueux, 26 October 1908 – Le Cayrou 11 February 2001). He was raised as Catholic.
He spent his first five years in French Indochina (now Vietnam) where his father was in charge of family business interests.
He returned to Hanoi in 1950, graduating from the French secondary school there in 1952. Between 1952 and 1957 he simultaneously studied law and political science at the Sorbonne, Paris, and Chinese and Vietnamese at the École Nationale des Langues Orientales (now known as INALCO). He also studied in Hong Kong in 1957 and Saigon in 1958.
Prince Henrik's native language is French, and his second language is Danish. Although he quickly learned Danish after marrying Margrethe, Danes still joke about his grasp of Danish and his thick French accent. He also speaks fluent English, Chinese, and Vietnamese.
After military service with the French Army in the Algerian War between 1959 and 1962, in 1962 he joined the French Foreign Affairs ministry, working as a Secretary at the embassy in London from 1963 to 1967.
On 10 June 1967, he married Princess Margrethe, the heiress presumptive to the Danish throne, at the Naval Church of Copenhagen. At the time of the wedding his name was Danicised to Henrik and he was created HRH Prince Henrik of Denmark. Before the wedding, the Prince converted to Protestantism with the Vatican's consent.
The Queen and The Prince Consort had two children:
- His Royal Highness Frederik André Henrik Christian, Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, born on 26 May 1968.
- His Royal Highness Prince Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, born on 7 June 1969.
In 2006 the Danish railway magazine Ud&Se brought an interview with Prince Henrik, in which he talked about his dogs, food and his childhood in Vietnam, among other things. The prince mentioned having eaten dog meat once, on an occasion where it was served for him. A month later a Danish tabloid used part of this interview in a critical article with the front-page headline 'Prince Henrik eats dog'. Other tabloids and newspapers picked up on this and Prince Henrik was subject to somewhat of a press-grilling for "eating dog meat" despite being honorary president of the Danish Dachshund Club.
2002 "Flight" from DenmarkEdit
In 2002, Henrik left Denmark and went to stay at the couple's Château de Caïx in Cahors in southern France. The reason for Henrik's departure from Denmark was due to a New Year's Day reception in which his son, Crown Prince Frederik, was appointed host in the absence of Queen Margrethe. Henrik felt "pushed aside, degraded and humiliated" at the fact that he was relegated to "third place in the royal hierarchy."
"For many years I have been Denmark's number two," he said. "I've been satisfied with that role, but I don't want to be relegated to number three after so many years." Henrik "fled" Denmark to reflect on his status in the Danish Royal Family. Queen Margrethe flew to France to meet with her husband. Henrik stressed that neither his wife or son were to blame for the incident. The Prince Consort spent three weeks in Caix, and did not appear with his wife as expected at the Dutch wedding of Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange and Máxima Zorreguieta After three weeks, Henrik returned to Denmark and resumed his royal duties.
On 30 April 2008, shortly before the wedding of his younger son, Prince Joachim, to Miss Marie Cavallier, the title "Count of Monpezat", was conferred by the Queen on both of her sons, and made hereditary for their male-line descendants, both male and female. The Queen's Private Secretary Henning Fode commented, "The Queen and the Prince Consort have considered this for quite some time, and it has led to the belief that it was the right thing to do."
In fact, Henrik had mentioned this possibility as long ago as 1996, in his published memoir, "During our generation the future sovereign will perhaps receive approval to see 'Monpezat' added to the dynastic name of 'Oldenbourg-Glücksbourg'". While being interviewed by the French weekly Point de Vue in October 2005, Henrik raised the issue shortly after the birth of Crown Prince Frederik's first son, Prince Christian, who is expected to inherit the Danish crown one day: "It also makes him very proud and happy that Monpezat will be added to this small grandson's future name as Prince of Denmark. 'It is a great joy for me that his French roots will also be remembered.'" Although no announcement was made at that time, Prince Christian does now include (part of) his French grandfather's surname among his hereditary titles. The grant does not extend this Danish comital title to Henrik himself.
Prince Henrik has translated several books into Danish, as well as publishing several other books:
- In 1981, under the pseudonym H.M. Vejerbjerg he and the Queen translated Simone de Beauvoir's Tous les hommes sont mortels.
- Chemin faisant, 1982, a volume of French poems.
- Destin oblige, 1996, his memoirs as Prince Consort.
- Ikke Altid Gåselever (not always foie gras), 1999, a selection of favourite recipes.
- Cantabile, 2000, poems.
- Les escargots de Marie Lanceline, 2003.
Titles, styles and honorsEdit
Titles and stylesEdit
- Comte Henri de Laborde de Monpezat (1934-1967)
- His Royal Highness Prince Henrik of Denmark (1967-1972)
- His Royal Highness The Prince Consort of Denmark (1972-2018)
* Use is disputed, see section "French title controversy" below
French title controversyEdit
The Laborde de Monpezat family style themselves as counts, though their right to the use of that title is disputed: The Encyclopédie de la fausse noblesse et de la noblesse d'apparence states that Prince Henrik's ancestor, Jean Laborde, received royal letters patent of ennoblement in 1655, conditional on his reception as a noble in the Estates of the province of Béarn where his lands were located. But this condition was never fulfilled, as the Estates refused Laborde's petitions in 1703 and again in 1707. The family's surname was "Monpezat" by the time of the French Revolution, without title, until 14 July 1860, when it was changed by imperial decree to "de Laborde-Monpezat", and legally changed again on 19 May 1861 to "de Laborde de Monpezat". Although the comital title has been used by the family as if it were a titre de courtoisie, traditionally the royal court and French society accepted such titles when used by genuinely noble families. On the other hand, since the title was assumed by Henrik's ancestor prior to the twentieth century, it is possible he was unaware of the misuse until his family's history was scrutinized by genealogists after his marriage. Henrik's 1996 autobiography acknowledges the unsuccessful ennoblement.
Honors and awardsEdit
- Austria: Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria
- Belgium: Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold (Belgium)
- Brazil: Grand Cross of Order of the Southern Cross
- Bulgaria: 1 Class of the Order of Stara Planina
- Croatia: Grand Order of Queen Jelena
- Denmark: Knight of the Order of the Elephant
- Denmark: Grand Commander of the Order of Dannebrog
- Egypt: 1 class of the Order of the Nile
- Estonia: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana
- Finland: Grand Cross of the Finnish Order of the White Rose
- France: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour
- France: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit
- France: Commander of the Order of Agricultural Merit (France)
- France: Médaille d'commemorative Algeria
- Germany: Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Greece: Grand Crosses of the Order of Honour (Greece)
- Iceland: Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon
- Italy: Grand Cross of the Italian Republic Order of Merit
- Japan: Chain of the Order of the Chrysanthemum
- Jordan: Grand Cross of Supreme Order of the Renaissance
- Latvia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Three Stars
- Lithuania: Order of Vytautas the Great
- Luxembourg: Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau
- Morocco: Grand Cordon of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite
- Mexico: Cross of the Order of the Aztec Eagle
- Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Order of the Dutch Lion
- Nepal: Order of Rajanya
- Norway: Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav
- Poland: Grand Decoration of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
- Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Christ
- Romania: Grand Cross with Sash of the Order of the Star of Romania
- Romania: 1 Class 23 August-order
- Saudi Arabia: 1 class of Order of Abdulaziz al Saud
- Spain: Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III
- United Kingdom: 1 class of the Order of the Bath
- United Kingdom: 1 class of the Order of St. Michael and St. George
- Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Commonwealth realms
- Sweden: Order of the Seraphim
- Thailand: 1 class of the Order of Chula Chom Klao