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|Predecessor||Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester|
|Heir apparent||Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster|
|Spouse||Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester|
| Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster|
The Lady Davina Lewis
The Lady Rose Gilman
|Richard Alexander Walter George|
|House||House of Windsor|
|Father||Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester|
|Mother||Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester|
|Born|| 26 August 1944 |
Hadley Common, Hertfordshire
United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester KG GCVO (Richard Alexander Walter George; born 26 August 1944) is a member of the British Royal Family. Prince Richard is the youngest grandchild of King George V and Queen Mary. He has been Duke of Gloucester since his father's death in 1974. He is currently 21st in the line of succession. The Duke of Gloucester carries out royal engagements on behalf of his cousin, Queen Elizabeth II.
Prince Richard was born on 26 August 1944 at Hadley Common in Hertfordshire. His father was Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, the third-eldest son of George V and Queen Mary. His mother was Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (née Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott), a daughter of the 7th Duke of Buccleuch.
Richard was baptized in the private chapel of Windsor Castle on 20 October 1944 by Lord Lang of Lambeth and his godparents were the Queen (his paternal aunt and wife of George VI), Princess Marie Louise (his cousin), the Countess of Athlone (his cousin, for whom her daughter, the Lady May Abel Smith stood proxy), the Duke of Buccleuch (his maternal uncle), the Marquess of Cambridge (his cousin), the Lady Sybil Phipps (his maternal aunt), and General the Hon Sir Harold Alexander (for whom his wife, the Lady Margaret Alexander, stood proxy). Because of the war, newspapers did not identify the actual location of the christening, and said instead that it took place at "a private chapel in the country".
As a grandson of the British monarch in the male line, he was styled His Royal Highness Prince Richard of Gloucester at birth. At the time of his birth he was fifth in the line of succession to the throne, and second in line to his father's Dukedom, behind his brother, Prince William of Gloucester, who died in 1972 when the plane he was piloting crashed at Halfpenny Green, near Wolverhampton.
When Prince Richard was four months old, he accompanied his parents to Australia, where his father was Governor-General from 1945 to 1947. The family returned to Barnwell Manor in 1947.
Prince Richard's early education took place at home; later, he attended school at Wellesley House in Broadstairs and Eton College. In 1963, he matriculated at Magdalene College, Cambridge to read architecture and received the degree of Bachelor of Arts in June 1966. Subsequently, he incepted as MA (Cantab) in 1971.
After earning his BA in 1966, Prince Richard joined the (then) Offices Development Group of the Ministry of Public Building and Works for a year of practical work. He returned to Cambridge in 1967, and in June 1969, he passed both parts of the exam for his Diploma in Architecture. Upon completion of his training, he went into practice as a partner in a London architectural firm.
Although he had intended to practice full time as an architect, the death of his brother, Prince William, in 1972 when the plane he was piloting crashed near Wolverhampton, left Richard first in line to his father's Dukedom and increased his family obligations and royal duties. He therefore resigned his partnership and began to represent his cousin The Queen at royal engagements.
Engagement and marriageEdit
On 8 July 1972, Prince Richard married the Danish Birgitte van Deurs, daughter of Asger Henriksen and Vivian van Deurs, at St Andrew's Church, Barnwell, in Northamptonshire.
Together the couple have three children:
- Alexander, Earl of Ulster (born 24 October 1974, married Claire Booth)
- The Lady Davina Lewis (born 19 November 1977, married Gary Lewis)
- The Lady Rose Gilman (born 1 March 1980, married George Gilman)
The three Gloucester children do not carry out royal duties. As great-grandchildren of a British Sovereign, they do not possess royal titles and are styled as the children of a non-royal Duke.
The Duke is particularly interested in architecture and conservation; he became a corporate member of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 1972, and serves as a commissioner of the Historic Building and Monuments Commission for England (English Heritage).
On 10 April 2008, Prince Richard was officially installed as the Founding Chancellor of the University of Worcester in a ceremony at Worcester Cathedral. In this role, the Prince officiates at degree ceremonies and major events, as well as promoting the University overseas.
The Duke carried out the first of these duties on 5 and 6 November 2008 at the Graduation Award Ceremonies.
In March 2009, Prince Richard officially opened the University of Nottingham Jubilee Campus 'phase two' buildings. The ceremony included renaming one of the buildings after Colin Campbell, a former Vice-Chancellor of the university.
Prince Richard is also a patron of the Severn Valley Railway and the Pestalozzi International Village Trust.
During 2009 The Duke of Gloucester became Patron of the de Havilland Aircraft Heritage Centre in support of its bid to raise funds through private means and through a bid for Heritage Lottery Funding to help develop this learning experience, protect the priceless exhibits and improve visitor access to the oldest aviation heritage centre in Britain. It celebrated its 50th anniversary on 15 May 2009.
On 8 November 2011 he opened the new Law School Building at the University of Hertfordshire on the de Havilland campus site of the former de Havilland Aircraft factory.
Titles, styles, honours, and armsEdit
Titles and stylesEdit
- 26 August 1944 – 10 June 1974: His Royal Highness Prince Richard of Gloucester
- 10 June 1974 onwards: His Royal Highness The Duke of Gloucester
His title in full is: His Royal Highness Prince Richard Alexander Walter George, Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster and Baron Culloden, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Grand Prior of the Order of St. John, Service Medal of the Order of St. John.
Commonwealth realms honoursEdit
- 1997: KG: Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
- 1974: GCVO: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
- 1975: Grand Prior of the Order of St. John
- 1953: Queen Elizabeth II's Coronation Medal
- 1977: Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal
- 2002: Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
- 2008: SSI: Star of the Solomon Islands
- 2012: Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
- Service Medal of the Order of St John with 3 Bars
- Mexico: The Order of the Aztec Eagle
- Norway: Grand Cross of the Order of St Olav, 1973
- Sweden: KNO1kl: Commander 1st Class of the Order of the Northern Star, 1975
- Tonga: The Order of the Crown of Tonga, 2008
Honorary military appointmentsEdit
- Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal Anglian Regiment
- Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal Army Medical Corps
- Deputy Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal Logistic Corps
- Royal Colonel, of the 6th (V) Battalion, The Rifles
- The Royal Honorary Colonel, of the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia)
- Honorary Air Commodore, of RAF Odiham
- 16 June 2001, Honorary Air Commodore, of 501 (County of Gloucester) Squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air Force
- 1 September 1996, Honorary Air Marshal, Royal Air Force
- Australia: Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal Australian Army Education Corps
- New Zealand: Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal New Zealand Army Medical Corp
As a descendant of George V, the Duke of Gloucester's arms are based on the Royal Arms. The following explains the way in which his arms are differenced from those of the Queen.
- Is that of the Royal Arms, differenced by a label of five points argent (white), the centre and two outer points charged with a cross gules (red), and the inner points with a lion passant guardant also of gules (red).
- On the coronet of children of other sons of the Sovereign, composed of four crosses-patées alternated with four strawberry leaves, a lion statant guardant or (gold), crowned with the like coronet, and differenced with the label as in the Arms.
- Are those of the Royal Supporters, differenced with a coronet as in the crest, and label as in the Arms.