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| Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (more)
|The Duke of Gloucester painted ca. 1780 by Johann Zoffany.|
|Successor||Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester|
| Princess Sophia of Gloucester|
Princess Caroline of Gloucester
Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester
|House||House of Hanover|
|Father||Frederick, Prince of Wales|
|Mother||Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha|
|Born|| 25 November 1743 |
Leicester House, Westminster
|Died|| 25 August 1805 (aged 61) |
Gloucester House, Westminster
|Burial|| 4 September 1805 |
St George's Chapel, Windsor
Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (William Henry; 25 November 1743 – 25 August 1805) was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandson of George II and a younger brother of George III.
Prince William was born at Leicester House, London. His father was The Prince Frederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son of George II and Caroline of Ansbach. His mother was The Princess of Wales (née Augusta of Saxe-Gotha). He was christened at Leicester House eleven days later. His godparents were his paternal uncle by marriage, The Prince of Orange (for whom someone stood proxy); his paternal uncle, The Duke of Cumberland; and his paternal aunt, The Princess Amelia. As a grandchild of the sovereign, he was styled His Royal Highness Prince William at birth. He was fourth in the line of succession at birth.
Prince William later joined the British Army. His father died in 1751, leaving the Prince's elder brother, Prince George, heir-apparent to the throne. He succeeded as George III on 25 October 1760, and created William Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh and Earl of Connaught on 19 November 1764. He had been made a Knight of the Garter on 27 May 1762, and invested on 22 September of that year.
The Duke was Warden of Windsor Forest and resided at Cranbourne Lodge. He was most known for his secret marriage 1766 to Maria Walpole, the Dowager Countess of Waldegrave, an illegitimate granddaughter of Sir Robert Walpole, from nearby Frogmore House. This marriage only became known to the King after the passing of the Royal Marriages Act 1772. They lived at St Leonard's Hill in Clewer, near Windsor.
- HRH Princess Sophia of Gloucester (Sophia Matilda; 29 May 1773-29 November 1844)
- HH Princess Caroline of Gloucester (Caroline Augusta Maria; 24 June 1774-14 March 1775)
- HRH Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (15 January 1776-30 November 1834)
Princess Caroline died aged nine months following a smallpox inoculation, intended to protect her from the disease. As great-grandchildren in the male line of George II, Prince William's children were styled Highness from birth and used the territorial designation of Gloucester in conjunction with their princely styles.
- Louisa Maria La Coast (6 January 1782 Esher, Surrey – 10 February 1835 Bossall, Yorkshire), who was married on 29 December 1803 in Norwich, Norfolk to Godfrey Macdonald, 11th Baronet Macdonald of Slate, later the 3rd Baron Macdonald of Slate.
The Duke was appointed (in an honorary fashion) to Colonel of the 13th Regiment of Foot, 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards, and 1st Regiment of Foot Guards, and he became a Field Marshal on 12 October 1793.
He served as the thirteenth Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin from 1771 to 1805.
He died at Gloucester House in London.
Titles, styles and honorsEdit
Titles and stylesEdit
- 14 November 1743–19 November 1764: His Royal Highness Prince William
- 19 November 1764–25 August 1805: His Royal Highness The Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh