|Anne-Marie of Greece|
| HM The Queen of the Hellenes|
|Tenure|| 6 March 1964 – 1 June 1973|
( 9 years, 87 days)
|Spouse||Constantine II of Greece|
| Princess Alexia|
Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece
|House||House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg|
|Father||Frederick IX of Denmark|
|Mother||Ingrid of Sweden|
|Religion|| Greek Orthodox|
HM The King
Queen Anne-Marie of Greece (born Princess Anne-Marie Dagmar Ingrid of Denmark; Greek: Άννα-Μαρία Βασίλισσα των Ελλήνων, born 30 August 1946) is the wife of former King Constantine II of Greece, who was deposed in referendums in 1973 and in 1974. Her title "Queen of Greece" (or Queen of the Hellenes) is not recognized under the terms of the republican Constitution of Greece. However, international precedent is that former holders of certain posts continue to hold their former title as a courtesy title during their lifetimes.
Anne-Marie was born a Princess of Denmark at the Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen. She is the youngest daughter of King Frederick IX of Denmark and his wife Ingrid of Sweden. Her godparents were her grandfathers King Christian X of Denmark and King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, Prince Bertil of Sweden, King Haakon VII of Norway, her grandmother Queen Alexandrine of Denmark, Crown Princess Märtha of Norway, Queen Mary of the United Kingdom, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, and Princess Dagmar of Denmark.
Anne-Marie was educated at Zahle's School in Denmark from 1952 to 1961. In 1961 she attended the Chatelard School for Girls, an English boarding school outside Montreux in Switzerland. In 1963 and 1964 she attended the Institut Le Mesnil, a Swiss finishing school also in Montreux.
Engagement and marriageEdit
In 1959, at the age of thirteen, Anne-Marie first met her future husband, her triple third cousin, Crown Prince Constantine of Greece, Prince of Denmark, who accompanied his parents, King Paul of Greece and Queen Frederika, on a state visit to Denmark. They met a second time in Denmark in 1961, when Constantine declared to his parents his intention to marry Anne-Marie. They met again in Athens in May 1962 at the marriage of Constantine's sister Sophia to Prince Juan Carlos of Spain and in 1963 at the centenary celebrations of the Greek monarchy.
In July 1964, the announcement of their engagement raised the polite protests of the Left in Denmark. Anne-Marie and Constantine were married on 18 September 1964 (two weeks after Anne-Marie's 18th birthday) in the Metropolis, the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of Athens. As Queen of Greece, Anne-Marie spent much of her time working for a charitable foundation known as "Her Majesty's Fund" which provided assistance to people in rural areas of Greece.
The children of Constantine and Anne-Marie are:
- Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark, born on 10 July 1965 at Mon Repos, Corfu, Greece
- Crown Prince Pavlos of Greece, Prince of Denmark, born on 20 May 1967 at Tatoi Palace
- Prince Nikolaos of Greece and Denmark, born on 1 October 1969 in Rome
- Princess Theodora of Greece and Denmark, born on 9 June 1983 in London
- Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark, born on 26 April 1986 in London
In December 1967 Anne-Marie’s husband King Constantine attempted a counter-coup against the military junta which had been sworn in by himself after a successful coup during the previous April. The counter-coup failed and Anne-Marie and her family had to flee to Italy. During the aftermath, Anne-Marie miscarried a child. The family lived for two months in the Greek embassy and then for the next five years in a house in a suburb of Rome.
In 1973 Anne-Marie moved with her family to England. They lived first in Chobham in Surrey. Later they moved to the London suburb of Hampstead where they continue to live. The Greek government seized their former private home of Tatoi. It was only after a successful appeal to the European Court of Human Rights that the Greek government were forced to pay compensation for the property. King Constantine has used the monies obtained to set up the Anna-Marie Foundation.
Official status since 1973Edit
In spite of the fact that Constantine and Anne-Marie had gone into exile in 1967, Greece officially remained a monarchy for several years, with Major General Georgios Zoitakis serving as Regent. On 1 June 1973 the self-appointed prime minister, Colonel George Papadopoulos, deposed Constantine as king and declared Greece a republic.
In November 1973 Papadopoulos himself was overthrown by Brigadier Dimitrios Ioannides. After the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in August 1974, the military junta collapsed. The new prime minister, Constantine Karamanlis, held a referendum on 8 December 1974 in which 68.8% of those who voted approved the abolition of the Greek monarchy. The former Royal Family and others have questioned the moral legitimacy of the referendum on the grounds that they were not permitted to return to Greece to campaign there.
A new republican Constitution of Greece came into force on 11 June 1975 according to which no titles of distinction are recognized in Greek citizens. Some Greeks are offended by Anne-Marie being referred to as "Anne-Marie of Greece", instead preferring the use of her dynastic name and referring to her as "Anna-Maria Glücksburg", a name she has never used for herself.
Anne-Marie continues to be referred to as "Queen Anne-Marie of Greece" (or of the Hellenes) by most royal courts including those of the United Kingdom, Spain, Luxembourg, and Jordan. She is called "Queen Anne-Marie" (without any territorial designation) by the courts of Denmark and Sweden. She is called "former Queen Anne-Marie of Greece" by the court of the Netherlands.
When she travels internationally Anne-Marie uses a Danish diplomatic passport with the name "Anne-Marie de Grecia" (her first name plus the Spanish form of the words 'of Greece').
In 1980 Anne-Marie and Constantine founded Hellenic College of London, a bilingual school where her own children were educated. She is currently honorary chairman of the school.
The government of Greece did not permit Anne-Marie to return to Greece until 1981 when she was allowed to enter Greek territory for several hours to attend the funeral of her mother-in-law, Queen Frederika. She and her family paid a private visit to Greece in 1993. Since 2003 – when the property dispute between her husband Constantine and the government of Greece concluded – Anne-Marie has visited Greece numerous times.
In 2003 Anne-Marie and her husband established the Anna-Maria Foundation with the money reimbursed to them by the government of Greece for the appropriation of their private property. The foundation provides aid to victims of natural disasters, including earthquakes and floods, in Greece. Anne-Marie serves as president of the foundation.
On 21 May 2004 Anne-Marie was peripherally involved in a fight in Madrid between former Crown Prince Vittorio Emanuele of Italy and his cousin and dynastic rival Prince Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta. At a soirée held at the Zarzuela Palace during the wedding celebrations of Felipe, Prince of Asturias, Amedeo approached Vittorio who reportedly punched him twice in the face, causing him to stumble backward down the steps. The quick intervention of Anne-Marie, who propped him up, prevented Amedeo from falling to the ground. She discreetly assisted him indoors while staunching his bleeding face until first aid was administered. Upon learning of the incident Spain's King Juan Carlos, a cousin of both men, reportedly declared that "never again" would an opportunity to abuse his hospitality be afforded the competing pretenders. Anne-Marie's quick action avoided what might have been more serious injury to Amedeo aimd a public escalation of the confrontation.
On 14 August 2004 Anne-Marie and her husband Constantine visited their former home in Athens, the former Royal Palace now the Presidential Palace, for the first time since 1967. They were received by then President of Greece Costis Stephanopoulos along with other members of the International Olympic Committee (of which Constantine is an honorary member). In December 2004 Constantine, Anne-Marie and their children were again invited to pay a personal private visit by President Stephanopoulos.
Titles, styles, honors and armsEdit
- 1946–1964 Her Royal Highness Princess Anne-Marie of Denmark
- 1964–1973 Her Majesty The Queen of the Hellenes
- pretended 1973–present Her Majesty The Queen of the Hellenes
- 1973–present Her Majesty Queen Anne-Marie of Greece, Princess of Denmark (used outside of Greece)
- 2003–present Anna-Maria de Grecia (used in Greece)
Mr Bjarne Erbo Grønfeldt, Deputy Private Secretary to HM The Queen of Denmark, confirms that Her Majesty Queen Anne-Marie's coat of arms as a Princess of Denmark consists of a shield of her late father's coat of arms supported by two savages holding clubs, surrounded by the Order of the Elephant, all under a canopy ensigned with a crown of her rank.